Constipation or hard bowel movements is a common health problem that many people have ever experienced. Especially in big city like Jakarta. The real cause is still unknown. However, unhealthy diet, such as consuming foods that are low in nutrition and insufficient intake of fiber is believed to be the most frequent cause of constipation.
Besides lack of fiber, there are still some other factors that can be the cause of constipation. Let’s find out here so you can prevent constipation.
Constipation or that in the medical language is also known, as well, occurs when the frequency of bowel movements becomes reduced. There is actually no standard benchmark as to how many times a person has to defecate in a day or a week, because the frequency of each person’s bowel movements can be different.
Some people defecate as much as 1-2 times a week, but there are also those who defecate up to three times a day. However, you can be said to have constipation if you do not defecate for more than three days or the frequency of bowel movements is less than three times a week.
Then, what are the other conditions besides the lack of fiber that causes constipation?
1. Unhealthy Lifestyle
Besides lack of fiber, drinking less can also trigger the occurrence of constipation. Dietary changes, such as diet or consuming too much dairy products can also cause difficulty in bowel movements. Not only that, eating disorder also affects the occurrence of constipation. Lazy exercising and less active moves can also trigger constipation.
Constipation is also a health problem that often experienced expectant mothers. About 40 percent of pregnant women experience constipation during pregnancy, especially during the early days of pregnancy. This is because during pregnancy, the female body produces more progesterone hormones whose effects can relax muscles, thereby complicating the intestinal muscles to contract. As a result, pregnant women become difficult to defecate.
3. Likes to delay bowel movements
Not a few adults as well as children who often delay defecation, either because of shame or no chance. However, do you know that procrastinating defecation when there is urination to do it, can cause constipation. So, it is best to do defecation.
4. Side Effects of drugs
Taking certain medications can also cause side effects in the form of difficulty defecating. Such drugs, such as calcium supplements, iron supplements, medications for epilepsy, diuretic drugs, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and narcotic pain medications, such as codeine and morphine. In addition, the drug to overcome indigestion, such as Antidiarrhea and the consumption of laxatives can also cause constipation.
5. Suffering from certain diseases
Although rare, but constipation can also be a sign of certain diseases, such as diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammation of the intestine, cancer of the colon or anus, hyperkalemia or excess calcium in the blood, the thyroid gland is less Active, until nerve abnormalities, e.g. in multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and stroke.
6. Psychological problems
Not only can be caused by health problems in the body alone, psychic problems can also cause hard bowel movements. For example, stress, anxiety, depression, violent trauma, or sexual harassment.
Well, that’s some other cause of constipation in addition to less fiber that you should be aware of. To overcome constipation, you can take a laxative that must certainly be on the recommendation of a physician.